[6], A 2014 meta-analysis of 343 studies on phytochemical composition found that organically grown crops had lower cadmium and pesticide residues, and 17% higher concentrations of polyphenols than conventionally grown crops. Organic food can refer to fruits and vegetables and also to meat, dairy products, eggs, and poultry. [11] There is evidence that some organic fruit is drier than conventionally grown fruit; a slightly drier fruit may also have a more intense flavor due to the higher concentration of flavoring substances. [31]:5–6 The use of nanotechnology-based products in the production of organic food is prohibited in some jurisdictions (Canada, the UK, and Australia) and is unregulated in others. Organic products accounted for 3.7% of total food and beverage sales, and 11.4% of all fruit and vegetable sales in the year 2009. Their respective use affects humus content of soil. However, organic food and drink generally refers to … [7][page needed][55], In China the increasing demand for organic products of all kinds, and in particular milk, baby food and infant formula, has been "spurred by a series of food scares, the worst being the death of six children who had consumed baby formula laced with melamine" in 2009 and the 2008 Chinese milk scandal, making the Chinese market for organic milk the largest in the world as of 2014. Organic food sales by grocery stores were 28% higher in 2006 than in 2005. Items such as organic flour, milk, bread and butter can be cheaper, as can fresh seasonal produce such as salad leaves and herbs. Despite this enormously greater exposure to natural chemicals, 79% (378 out of 479) of the chemicals tested for carcinogenicity in both rats and mice are synthetic (that is, do not occur naturally). Washington State University Extension Office. [citation needed] Today, many large corporate farms have an organic division. A 2011 literature review found that organic foods had a higher micronutrient content overall than conventionally produced foods. There’s a lot of confusion over what organic means, and food with that label might not be as healthy or environmentally friendly as you think. Irradiation and the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or products produced from or by GMOs are generally prohibited by organic legislation. The new European Organic food label and organic food policy was developed based on the 1987 Danish Model. [8], Organic meat certification in the United States requires farm animals to be raised according to USDA organic regulations throughout their lives. [67] Another meta-analysis published the same year found no significant differences in levels of saturated and monounsaturated fat between organic and conventional milk, but significantly higher levels of overall and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in organic milk than in conventional milk. Organic food is a complicated industry, and in order for their produce to be certified as ‘organic’, farms must undergo rigorous checks from independent governmental or regulatory inspectors to ensure they are adhering to organic principles. [27] Pesticides are allowed as long as they are not synthetic. [56][57][58] A Pew Research Centre survey in 2012 indicated that 41% of Chinese consumers thought of food safety as a very big problem, up by three times from 12% in 2008. While the regulations vary from country to country, in the U.S., organic crops must be grown must be grown without the use of synthetic herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers, or bioengineered genes (GMOs). 2013 November, "The ruling on organic foods: are they worth the extra price?" (2) food products have occasionally been contaminated with pesticides, which can result in acute toxicity; and (3) most, if not all, commercially purchased food contains trace amounts of agricultural pesticides. If you do compare prices, you may actually find that many organic brands are cheaper than their conventional equivalents and are often on special offer. Just because a product is organic or contains organic ingredients does not necessarily mean it is a healthier alternative. In 1939, Lord Northbourne coined the term organic farming in his book Look to the Land (1940), out of his conception of "the farm as organism," to describe a holistic, ecologically balanced approach to farming—in contrast to what he called chemical farming, which relied on "imported fertility" and "cannot be self-sufficient nor an organic whole. 2) It has often been wrongly assumed that humans have evolved defenses against the natural chemicals in our diet but not against the synthetic chemicals. When it comes to food, all of us love natural products full of taste and flavor. [60][61], With respect to chemical differences in the composition of organically grown food compared with conventionally grown food, studies have examined differences in nutrients, antinutrients, and pesticide residues. Organic Food and Farming in China: Top-down and Bottom-up Ecological Initiatives, "Australia's Share of China's organic pie", "Special Report - How Big Formula bought China", "Organic food: Companies pay $50,000 for Chinese certification", "How Trader Joe's Sells Twice As Much As Whole Foods", "US organic food market to grow 14% from 2013-18", Natural / Organic Consumer Segmentation, A Total Market Perspective, US organic market continues to outpace conventional food sales growth Recent Growth Patterns in the U.S. Organic Foods Market, "What Is Organic? Be sure to carefully read food labels. It also may have the USDA seal. [20], Early consumers interested in organic food would look for non-chemically treated, non-use of unapproved pesticides, fresh or minimally processed food. The organic movement does promote healthier soil and it stands to reason that in the long run, organic farming is better for overall soil quality. [6] Studies on phytochemical composition of organic crops have numerous deficiencies, including absence of standardized measurements and poor reporting on measures of variability, duplicate or selective reporting of data, publication bias, lack of rigor in studies comparing pesticide residue levels in organic and conventional crops, the geographical origin of samples, and inconsistency of farming and post-harvest methods.

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