In Massachusetts, these are the American chestnut (Castanea dentata), the Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima), and the Japanese chestnut (Castanea crenata). Facts. Leaves elongated, alternate and simple, with coarsely toothed margins.Â Each tooth ends in a bristle tip.LeavesÂ dark green in summer.Â Fall color is yellow to yellow brown. The Chinese chestnut tree has brown, strongly ridged and furrowed bark. Photo 4: Chestnut tree bark color when tree is dead. Twig: American chestnut-brown in color and hairless. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut is a fast growing tree reaching heights of 40â to 60â. If your tree lookes like this, then it is probably a beech tree. European chestnut (C. sativa) is also quite susceptible. Chinese Chestnut Tree (Castanea mollissima) Chinese chestnut trees are native to China, Korea, and Taiwan. Weâre sad we didnât get to see these Redwoods of the East, but weâre grateful for Chinese Chestnut, which coevolved with the blight that wiped out their American relatives! You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. The flowers are produced in catkins 420 cm long, with the female flowers at the base of the catkin and males on the rest. The nuts are sweet, and considered by some to have the best taste of any chestnut, though others state they are not as good as the American chestnut. Our trees. Trees flower in July.Â The flowers have a musty odor. Our future. In the 1890s, Chinese and Japanese chestnuts were imported to the United States with the intention of utilizing them as orchard trees due to their small, compact size compared to the towering American chestnut. The organism that assaults the American chestnut has the appearance of an extensive ulcer, and is regularly found on the tree trunk or other tree surface range. Photo 2: Dead chestnut tree - Open Bark Ridge. Chinese chestnut (C. mollissima) is resistant; a small canker can occur. Their bark produces a very fine red-brown dye. or a higher p H (11). These trees produce a crop which is highly preferred by whitetail deer and very edible for human consumption as well. For decades the American Chestnut Federation has been hunting down these natural remnants to mix their pollen with the flowers of Chinese chestnut trees, which resist â¦ Call us at 1 315 4971058. , When cultivated close to other species of chestnut (including Japanese chestnut, C. crenata; American chestnut, C. dentata; and sweet chestnut, C. sativa), Chinese chestnut readily cross-pollinates with them to form hybrids. Its flowers are pungent, and its nuts quite sweet. use escape to move to top level menu parent. The flowers are produced in catkins 4–20 cm long, with the female flowers at the base of the catkin and males on the rest. Chinese chestnuts bloom earlier than American chestnuts. Beech. Chinese Chestnut â¦ To use chestnut tree bark for relief from diarrhea, boil a standard 3 spoons of crushed bark or equivalent chestnuts with shells in one-liter water and then let it cool to room temperature. Each tooth ends in a bristle tip. The following menu has 3 levels. A beautiful specimen shade tree for lawns. American chestnut (Castanea dentata), whose native range is shown at left, is highly susceptible to the disease. Chinese chestnut is an exotic species that is somewhat resistent to the chestnut blight that has destroyed New England's native chestnut, Castanea dentata. It was a huge, majestic tree, with a very straight stem. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. These Fall Draw Chinese Chestnuts have excellent resistance to blight. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohioâs private and public forest lands. The leaves are alternate, simple, 10–22 cm long and 4.5–8 cm broad, with a toothed margin. Photo 3: Chestnut tree bark in living color. Bark is gray-brown and ridged and furrowed. pendula X. Y. Zhou & Z. D. Zhou; C. sativa Miller var. The nuts are edible, and the tree is widely cultivated in eastern Asia; over 300 cultivars have been selected for nut production, subdivided into five major regional groups: Northern, Yangtze River Valley, Sichuan and Guizhou, Southern, and Southwestern. The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40â60' and a spread of 40â60' at maturity. Castanea mollissima and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Best in full sun.Â Tolerant of heat and drought.Â Prefers acidic soil. It has been found that chestnut especially the bark of the chestnut tree has been found to be very effective in providing relief from diarrhea and other related condition. Building the urban forest for 2050. Bark: Smooth and chestnut-brown in color when young, later shallowly fissured into flat ridges. An active program has been pursued in North America to cross-breed the Chinese and American chestnuts to try to maximize various desirable traits of the American chestnut, such as larger stature, larger leaf size, larger nut size, and greater nut sweetness, while also isolating and carrying the blight resistance from the Chinese chestnut.. Young chestnut trees can grow 36 - 42 inches a year for the first 3 to 4 years. The bark is dark brown, and the trunk and older branches develop deep, furrowed bark with a handsome, rugged look, making the tree attractive in winter too. Edible chestnut species found in Michigan include the American chestnut, Chinese chestnut, Japanese chestnut, European chestnut and chinquapin. Its medium to dark green, oblong, linear leaves are 3 to 6 inches long. The most common Chinese Chestnut growing in home landscapes usually branches close to the ground making it a great candidate as a tree for kids to climb. Use enter to activate. Chinese chestnuts grow grayish-brown bark that will become furrowed very quickly as the tree ages. in the mid-1900s when chestnut blight eradicated nearly all of these popular trees. It's important to realize, though, that Chinese chestnut trees vary considerably in blight resistance. The scientific name mollissima derives from the softly downy shoots and young leaves. Small white, male flowers on a pencil-thin spike (6 inches long).Female flowers also small and white, in clusters near the base of the male flower spike.Trees flower in July.Â The flowers have a musty odor. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It is caused by sun reflecting off of snow in winter and heating the bark on the south side of the tree. , It is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m tall with a broad crown. The flowers of Sourwood can be mistaken for chestnut at a distance. Small white, male flowers on a pencil-thin spike (6 inches long). The species prefers full sun and acidic, loamy soil, and has a medium growth rate. The scientific name of these trees mollissima has been derived from young leaves and the softly downy shoots. They grow best in zones 6 through 10. Chinese cultivars are akin to an orchard tree, growing tall and wide with brownish-gray bark and large delicious nuts. Chinese Chestnut Health Benefits. The leaves are alternate, simple, 1022 cm long and 4.58 cm broad, with a toothed margin. Weevils can be a problem in some areas. The disease was first noticed on a tree in the Brooklyn Zoo in 1904 and quickly spread all out of control, ravaging American chestnuts. LeavesÂ dark green in summer.Â Fall color is yellow to yellow brown. Chinese chestnuts have evolved over a long period of time in coexistence with the bark fungal disease chestnut blight. For the other similarly named chestnut species, see, Dr. Greg Miller, Empire Chestnut Company, FAQ, http://www.empirechestnut.com/faqpests.htm, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Castanea_mollissima&oldid=948724574, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 April 2020, at 18:03.  Some cultivars, such as 'Kuling', 'Meiling', and 'Nanking', have large nuts up to 4 cm diameter. Leaves elongated, alternate and simple, with coarsely toothed margins. Description Consumers should be aware that the term âhorse chestnutâ is sometimes used to describe an unrelated tree in the genera Aesculus ; trees in this genus may also be referred to as buckeyes. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The edible nuts develop in sharp, spiny husks.  The nuts also provide a significant food source for wildlife. Chestnut trees are deciduous, dropping their foliage in the fall. Those backcross hybrid trees (15/16th hybrids) which leaf out and bloom earlier than native KY American â¦ It does not have the bark of a horse chestnut, and I am almost positive that it is not a Chinese chestnut because it is not as dense as the last Chinese one that I cut a few years ago. Mature trees coâ¦ The fruit is a densely spiny cupule 4–8 cm diameter, containing two or three glossy brown nuts; these are 2–3 cm diameter on wild trees. Bark color and texture Bark is gray-brown and ridged and furrowed. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Chinese is gray-brown in color and is covered with fine fuzz, especially near the tip. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. It dominated the eastern United States, with a population of roughly 4 billion trees. These are catkins fully developed with burs that are ready to be pollinated. Many native animals fed on chestnuts, and chestnuts were used for livestock feed, which kept the cost of raising livestock low. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Chinese Chestnut grows slowly and has a wide growth but American and European ones are known for faster growth and usually extend erect and narrow in shape. These trees are probably not pure Chinese, but have originated from seed collected from a Chinese chestnut tree pollinized by an American chestnut tree. Castanea mollissima (Chinese: 板栗; pinyin: bǎnlì), also known as the Chinese chestnut, is a member of the family Fagaceae, and a species of chestnut native to China, Taiwan, and Korea. The edible nut which is also called chestnut, same as the tree on which it grows is contained in two coverings- outer shell is hard and thick and the one inside is thin and called Pellicle. Within 30 years, there were very few left in their native range. Our communities. Blight-resistant va-rieties of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) and their hybrids are viable alternatives for commercial chestnut production. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Chinese Chestnut Quick Facts; Name: Chinese Chestnut: Scientific Name: Castanea mollissima: Origin: Native to China, Korea and Taiwan. Some oak species (Quercusspp.) Female flowers also small and white, in clusters near the base of the male flower spike. The trees were renowned for their sweet and abundant crop of nut, as well as for the quality of their wood. Hebard bores a hole in the bark and squeezes a mash of orange fungus into the wood. In Vietnam, Chinese chestnut (Vietnamese language: hạt dẻ, Tày language: mác lịch) which are grown in Trùng Khánh district, Cao Bằng province have highest quality with 3.3-5.4% glucose, 43.36- 46.47% glucid, 1.16 – 2% lipid, 3.12 – 3.62% protein analyzed by Vietnam National Vegetable and Fruit Researching Institution in 1999. Leaves elongated, alternate and simple, with coarsely toothed margins.Â Each tooth ends in a bristle tip. It grows close to sea level in the north of its range, and at altitudes of up to 2,800 m in the south of the range. The other native trees that bloom late in the year around the same time as American chestnuts are Black Locust and Sourwood. Return to Chestnut Guide Index : Photo 1: Dying chestnut tree - Planted in clay soil. Chinese chestnut has a pleasingly round crown and is often selected as a hardy street tree. If you think you found a tree (Ozark chinquapin), start by looking at the identification guide keeping in mind the location and habitat where you found the treeâthis will help you determine if the tree might be another kind of non-native chestnut species or a hybrid. Weâre sad we didnât get to see these Redwoods of the East, but weâre grateful for Chinese Chestnut, which coevolved with the blight that wiped out their American relatives! Chestnuts are low in fat compared with other nuts and are receiving attention from the health food indus-try. Burning driftwood, oleander, or painted or treated wood can release toxic or harmful chemicals into the air.